Types of Cameras

In digital photography, the different cameras can be divided up into categories. When it comes to purchasing a new camera, the pros and cons of each of these systems are crucial. When gathering purchase advice, ensure that these features are addressed.

Small Compact Cameras

  • The significant advantage of this class of camera is that, due to their compact form, they are ideal daily companions.
  • Compact cameras usually stand out because of they are simple to use. However, their settings are somewhat restricted.
  • This type of camera is suitable as your typical family camera or in contexts where several people have to able use the same camera, such as in the workplace
  • Usually these cameras only have a limited zoom range (often 3x zoom)

Bridge Cameras

  • These cameras are usually considerably larger but they also have a much wider zoom range (up to 18x zoom [as of 2009] – this number increases every year).
  • Sometimes a hot shoe for a seperate flash unit is included.
  • Some bridge cameras provide features that are usually only found in single-lens reflex (SLR) cameras or in mirrorless system cameras. However, they do not have interchangeable lenses.

SLR-Kameras (single lens reflex) 

  • A type of camera that is on the rise. It is easily adaptable and provides high quality images.
  • In this category, shutter and diaphragm are part of the basic fundamentals and therefore provide a wide range of creative possibilities when capturing an image.
  • In poor lighting conditions the larger image sensor formats prove to be more advantageous compared to compact camera models. Due to the compact cameras smaller sensors, image noise tends to have a negative impact on the images.

Digital Medium Format

  • Very high resolution
  • Rarely used by amateurs due to cost, size and weight

The „test winner“ is not always the right camera for you.

Important criteria for comparison are e.g.:

  • Size
  • Weight
  • Image quality/image display (photo prints, computer, internet, overhead projector, size of the image)
  • Focal length range
  • Image stabilisation
  • Swivel monitor
  • Power supply
  • Upgradability (remote shutter release, flash system, lens und converter)
  • ...

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    • Kompakte Kameras zeichnen sich zudem durch meist einfachere Bedienung aus. Sie haben jedoch Einschränkungen bei den Einstellmöglichkeiten
    • Dieser Kameratyp eignet sich meist sehr gut als klassische Familienkamera oder in dort wo verschiedene Personen mit dem Gerät klar kommen sollen z. B am Arbeitsplatz
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