Problem – High subject contrast

With a high contrast in brightness on an image, not all the image’s elements have the correct exposure. 

This can cause bright areas of an image for e.g. clouds to appear as a uniform white area on a picture despite a distinct structure being visible to the eye. The reason for this is an overexposure occurring in the bright areas of the image. At the same time, darker areas appear as a uniform black area. The reason for this is an underexposure occurring in the darker areas of the image. If both occur in a photograph, the contrast range is too high.


  • Concentrate on the brightness of the important image elements (usually but not always, exposure of brighter areas of an image – see article „Brightness exposure“) – in order to do so, a metering mode may need to be adjusted or exposure may need to be compensated.
  • Potentially activate the camera’s extended dynamic range
  • Possible image correction by computer editing or developing the analog film and image material in a certain way
  • Bracketing
  • HDR / HDI (see article „HDR“)
  • Graduated neutral density
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