Manual (M)

Nearly all the image settings in mode M on single-lens reflex cameras can be manually adjusted. This mode works well for images captured under the same lighting conditions and when there is enough time to adjust diaphragm and shutter speed. Attention! On some digital compact cameras mode M is the fully automatic mode where e.g. ISO rate and auto focus mode can be adjusted.

Use

  • This mode works well for images captured under the same lighting conditions and when there is enough time to adjust diaphragm and shutter speed
  • Used mainly for special exposure and diaphragm combinations, possibly in combination with an exposure compensation
  • Bracketing can also be individually tailored
  • Use of a flash allows lighting conditions to be controlled easily

Use, possibilities and problems

  • In this mode the photographer can freely choose exposure and diaphragm
  • No automatic settings
    • The photographer is responsible for setting diaphragm, exposure and ISO rate correctly
    • The cameras offer assistance in the form of a lighting metering (standard exposure index) in the viewfinder
    • For the correct exposure (according to exposure metering), the exposure level should be in the centre of the markings

Important – Checking camera settings

  • Pay attention to camera’s display screen (light metering)
  • Additionally be aware of the higher risk of blurring if the shutter speed is too fast

In this mode, just like in the program mode auto exposure, all camera settings need to be checked

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